Saturday, May 18, 2019
Marginalisation affects a large crack of Indian fiat, who are subjected to loss of rights and mistreatment due to their place in the caste administration. In the novel Q&A by Vikas Swarup, a street boy, poke Mohammad Thomas narrates the events of mistreatment and ab subroutine in not only his liveliness, but several others characters with the same fate. Throughout the novel, the experiences of Ram, Salim and Nita are told, contributing to the privileging of social, sexual practice and religious marginalization in Indian troupe as foregrounded by Swarup.Ram Mohammad Thomas, byout the novel narrates his experiences of marginalization and mistreatment due to his social status in the caste system. Rams social marginalisation is inner through the foreground processing of the caste system in Indian society where he is seen as an untouchable, someone who lives in a chawl, with no education, Ram states The brain is not an organ we are authorized to use. We are supposed to use onl y our hands and legs. (pg. 2), this foregrounds how as an untouchable in society, Ram is only seen as a slave to others, not someone with any kind of intelligence to have the mental capacity to partake in a quiz show. This is further foregrounded when Ram states Like Godbole, you believe I am only levelheaded for serving chicken fry and whisky in a restaurant. That I am meant to live life like a dog and die an insect. Dont you? (pg. 29), further stating how in Indian society people believe the place in the caste position you are born, you must stay and not partake in activities which are meant for higher class people.Swarup positions the reader to feel sympathetic for Ram, by stage after story of discrimination and see him as a representative of the untouchable class, someone who is retributive a street boy, with no control over their fate, and being at the bottom of the caste system leading him to be clearly shown as soci everyy marginalised. Salim Ilyasi in the novel is Rams topper friend, much like Ram, he is socially marginalised but to a fault religiously marginalised for being Muslim.His marginalisation is privileged through several stories throughout the novel, Ram revealed (speaking about Salims experience) The moment the Hindis hear this they went on a rampage. Armed with machetes and pickaxes, sticks and torches, they raided the homes of all the Muslim familiesBefore his very eyes they set put forward to the hut His whole family was burnt to death (pg. 95). This quote illustrates how Salims family and many other Muslims, were marginalised and attacked purely because they were part of the godliness that was getting accused.Further, his religious marginalisation is shown where Salim stated (recounting his experience to Ram) This bastard is definitely a Muslim, allows kill him No. Killing him would be too easy. We will burn this motherfucker living in this bus. Then he and his community will learn never to touch our homes, (pg. 229), this fur ther foregrounds how because Salim is Muslim, in Indian society he is religiously marginalised because of this. Along with the social and religious marginalisation associated with Ram and Salim, Nita is also gender marginalised through her religion.Nitas religious and gender marginalisation is privileged through the foregrounding of the religion she was born into, where she was chosen to become a prostitute only because she was born a girl with much beauty than her sister. This is shown when Ram states (recounting what Nita told him about her religion) She is a Bedia tribal girl from the Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh In her community, it is the tradition for one girl from each family to serve as a communal prostitute, called the Bedni.This girl earns money for her family, bit the males spend their time drinking and playing cards. This is why the birth of a girl is an occasion to hold on in our community, not a cause for gloom this foregrounds how in this one situation she is both gender marginalised for being a girl, and forced to become a prostitute, and religiously marginalised as this is not her alternative, but the choice of her religion. Further, supporting the point of gender marginalisation against Nita in the book is the character Gudiya, who was abused by her father, Ram states What was Gudiyas crime?Simply that she was born a girl and Shantaram was her father, this greatly privileges the aspect of marginalisation Swarup was aiming to depict and foregrounds that not only in that particular religion is gender marginalisation evident, but all over Indian society. In essence, throughout the novel Q&A by Vikas Swarup marginalisation is privileged through the foregrounding of the carefully created stories of mistreatment and abuse against several characters. This positions the reader to understand and acknowledge the observation of Indian society and feel sympathetic for the representation of the untouchable class as interpreted in the novel.